Table 1.

Summary of evidence supporting complementary and alternative medicine therapies for type 2 diabetes mellitus

INTERVENTIONBODY OF EVIDENCE
CinnamonFBG level reduction in 2 of 3 trials
ChromiumHbA1c and FBG level reduction in meta-analysis
VanadiumFBG level reduction in uncontrolled trials
FibreHbA1c level reduction (non-significant) in 1 of 3 trials FBG level reduction in 6 of 12 trials
Green teaFBG level reduction in 1 of 3 trials
Other benefits
Bitter melonNo benefit to HbA1c or FBG levels in 2 small trials
FenugreekFBG level reduction in 1 of 3 trials
Other benefits
GymnemaHbA1c level reduction in 2 small trials
  • HbA1c—glycosylated hemoglobin A1c, FBG—fasting blood glucose.