Table 2.

Conventional and emerging cardiometabolic risk factors

RISK COMPONENTFRAMINGHAMMETABOLIC SYNDROMEINTERHEART
Blood pressureHypertension and treatmentHypertension or treatmentHypertension
Insulin resistanceDiabetesElevated fasting glucose or treatmentDiabetes
ObesityNAAbdominal obesityAbdominal obesity
Lipid levelsTotal cholesterol Low HDL cholesterolLow HDL cholesterol or treatment High triglycerides or treatmentApo B–Apo A-I ratio
Behavioural factorsSmokingNASmoking
Low physical activity
No daily vegetables and fruit
No daily alcohol
Psychosocial factors (eg, depression, work stress, financial stress)
Fixed factorsAge
Sex
Family history
NANA
  • Apo A-I—apolipoprotein A-I, Apo B—apolipoprotein B, HDL—high-density lipoprotein, NA—not applicable.

  • Data from Genest et al,6 Anderson et al,7 Alberti et al,17 and Yusuf et al.18