Table 3.

Characteristics associated with having at least 1 positive ova and parasite stool test result

CHARACTERISTICSNO. WITH A POSITIVE RESULT (NO. OF TESTS AVAILABLE)PREVALENCE, % (95% CI)P VALUE*UNIVARIATE RR (95% CI)MULTIVARIATE RR (95% CI)
Overall306 (1030)29.7 (26.9 to 32.6)NANANA
Age at intake, y.007
  • < 637 (125)29.6 (21.8 to 38.4)1.08 (0.79 to 1.47)1.01 (0.75 to 1.38)
  • 6–1890 (234)38.5 (32.2 to 45.0)1.40 (1.13 to 1.74)1.38 (1.12 to 1.71)
  • 19–39 (reference)136 (496)27.4 (23.5 to 31.6)1.001.00
  • ≥ 4043 (175)24.6 (18.4 to 31.6)0.90 (0.67 to 1.21)0.93 (0.69 to 1.26)
Sex.50
  • Male160 (522)30.7 (26.7 to 34.8)1.07 (0.88 to 1.29)NA
  • Female (reference)146 (508)28.7 (24.8 to 32.9)1.00NA
Region of last residence§.005
  • Sub-Saharan Africa154 (499)30.9 (26.8 to 35.1)1.29 (0.95 to 1.73)1.28 (0.94 to 1.74)
  • North Africa9 (41)22.0 (10.6 to 37.6)0.92 (0.48 to 1.73)0.94 (0.50 to 1.79)
  • Middle East (reference)41 (171)24.0 (17.8 to 31.1)1.001.00
  • Asia90 (247)36.4 (30.4 to 42.8)1.52 (1.11 to 2.08)1.48 (1.08 to 2.05)
  • Latin America9 (40)22.5 (10.8 to 38.5)0.94 (0.50 to 1.77)0.91 (0.48 to 1.72)
  • Europe or North America3 (32)9.4 (2.0 to 25.0)0.39 (0.13 to 1.19)0.40 (0.13 to 1.21)
Refugee camp history.26
  • Yes (reference)68 (199)34.2 (27.6 to 41.2)1.00NA
  • No21 (66)31.8 (20.9 to 44.4)0.93 (0.62 to 1.39)NA
  • Unknown217 (765)28.4 (25.2 to 31.7)0.83 (0.66 to 1.04)NA
  • NA—not applicable, RR—relative risk.

  • * P values are from Embedded Image2 tests.

  • The multivariate model included age group and region of last residence. Sex and refugee camp history were dropped from the model because they were non-significant.

  • § Regions adapted from United Nations Millennium Development Goals Indicators regional groupings.15