Table 2.

Sensory loss among participants

CHARACTERISTICHEARING LOSSVISION LOSSDUAL SENSORY LOSS
NOYESP VALUENOYESP VALUENOYESP VALUE
Female sex, %52.135.7< .00150.054.7< .00150.639.4< .001
Age, y, %< .001< .001< .001
  • 45–4914.99.314.115.914.47.2
  • 50–5939.131.838.536.238.431.8
  • 60–6927.830.528.325.028.030.0
  • 70–7914.120.514.715.914.720.9
  • 80–854.28.04.46.94.510.2
Education, %< .001< .001.002
  • Some secondary6.410.46.510.56.711.9
  • Secondary graduate12.613.212.414.712.615.1
  • Some postsecondary7.48.27.47.77.56.8
  • Postsecondary graduate73.768.273.667.173.266.3
Annual household income, %< .001< .001< .001
  • < $20 0004.97.24.710.25.110.3
  • $20 000–$49 99923.129.223.032.523.535.1
  • $50 000–$99 99936.036.236.531.536.133.6
  • $100 000–$149 99919.815.119.714.119.410.5
  • ≥ $150 00016.212.416.111.715.910.5
Mean SNI score out of 104.264.14.0084.283.94< .0014.263.81< .001
No weekly social activities, %17.220.5.00317.222.5< .00117.428.1< .001
Below-median social support, %
  • Overall46.251.7< .00145.758.8< .00146.559.5< .001
  • Affectionate43.949.4.00343.753.7< .00144.354.1.002
  • Emotional or informational47.152.3< .00147.055.6< .00147.556.8.003
  • Tangible41.146.2< .00140.752.7< .00141.456.1< .001
  • Positive interactions44.249.7< .00144.054.5< .00144.654.4.002
Lonely at least 1 day per week, %20.823.4.00620.528.0< .00121.027.3.010
Wears a hearing aid, %2.915.4< .0014.16.1.0014.014.9< .001
Smoking status, %< .001< .001.03
  • Current10.311.810.114.531.524.9
  • Former57.663.458.356.758.161.5
  • Never32.224.831.628.810.413.6
History of medical condition, %
  • Hypertension32.340.5< .00132.738.4< .00132.946.7< .001
  • Diabetes14.319.1< .00114.320.0< .00114.622.1< .001
  • Myocardial infarction4.58.2< .0014.77.1< .0014.89.2< .001
  • Angina3.96.9< .0014.15.8.0044.28.1< .001
  • Peripheral vascular disease6.09.1< .0016.19.6< .0016.212.8< .001
  • Transient ischemic attack2.54.7< .0012.64.0.0082.75.6< .001
  • Stroke1.42.2.0051.33.8< .0011.44.1< .001
  • Kidney disease2.13.7< .0012.04.9< .0012.26.1< .001
  • Hypothyroidism10.29.3.2410.111.0.3610.27.8.12
  • Hyperthyroidism2.02.4.322.02.6.232.01.5.47
  • Cancer13.014.9.0413.015.0.0713.116.4.12
  • SNI—Social Network Index.