Table 3

Infant outcomes by study cohort

OUTCOMESBCWH ROOMING IN N = 32 N (%)BCWH HISTORICAL (NOT ROOMING IN) N = 38 N (%)UNADJUSTED RELATIVE RISK (95% CONFIDENCE INTERVAL)SURREY HOSPITAL (NOT ROOMING IN) N = 36 N (%)UNADJUSTED RELATIVE RISK (95% CONFIDENCE INTERVAL)
Treated with morphine8 (25.0)21 (55.3)0.45 (0.23–0.87)19 (52.8)0.47 (0.24–0.93)
Symptoms
 • Soother use10 (31.3)9 (23.7)1.32 (0.61–2.84)5 (13.9)2.25 (0.86–5.90)
 • Jitteriness26 (81.3)28 (73.7)1.10 (0.86–1.42)25 (69.4)1.17 (0.89–1.54)
 • Poor sucking10 (31.3)22 (57.9)0.54 (0.30–0.97)9 (25.0)1.25 (0.58–2.68)
 • Diarrhea3 (9.4)5 (13.2)0.71 (0.18–2.75)9 (25.0)0.38 (0.11–1.27)
 • Vomiting08 (21.1)6 (16.7)
 • Inconsolable crying4 (12.5)16 (42.1)0.30 (0.11–0.80)2 (5.6)2.25 (0.44–11.48)
Weight loss ≥10% during first week5 (16.6)2 (5.2)2.96 (0.62–14.28)2 (5.3)2.81 (0.59–13.5)
Admitted to NICU12 (37.5)34 (89.5)0.42 (0.26–0.66)30 (83.3)0.45 (0.28–0.72)
Discharged in custody of mother23 (71.9)12 (31.6)2.28 (1.36–3.81)17 (42.5)1.52 (1.01–2.29)
MEAN (SD)MEAN (SD)PMEAN (SD)P
No. of days of morphine treatment5.9 (14.2)18.6 (23.4).007*18.6 (20.1).003*
No. of days in hospital11.8 (9.1)23.5 (24.6).01425.9 (19.7)<.001
  • BCWH—British Columbia Women’s Hospital, NICU—neonatal intensive care unit, SD—standard deviation.

  • * Among those receiving morphine.