Table 2

Reported use of health services by participants: N = 743.

HEALTH SERVICES USE%95% CI
Main diabetes health care provider
 • Doctor6560.8–69.3
 • Nurse1611.4–20.6
 • Diabetes specialist20.1–4.1
 • Other61.9–10.9
 • None116.2–15.8
No. of visits to main diabetes health care provider in past y
 • 01812.5–23.5
 • 1–22317.7–28.3
 • 3–62820.9–33.1
 • 7–11126.3–17.8
 • ≥ 121913.3–24.5
No. of visits to any doctor in past y
 • None50.0–10.0
 • 171.1–12.9
 • 2–53428.2–39.8
 • ≥ 55449.1–58.9
No. of times seen by a diabetes nurse in past y
 • 04640.7–51.3
 • 1–22721.9–32.1
 • 3–6137.3–18.7
 • 7–1150.0–10.0
 • ≥ 1293.1–14.9
Last visit with a dietitian
 • Never3832.3–43.7
 • < 1 y2822.9–33.1
 • ≥ 1 y3428.2–39.8
No. of overnight hospitalizations in past y
 • None6156.5–65.5
 • 11913.5–24.5
 • 2–51610.4–21.6
 • ≥ 540.1–8.1
No. of overnight hospitalizations owing to diabetes in past y
 • None7672.5–79.5
 • 1137.3–18.7
 • 2–582.1–13.9
 • ≥ 530.0–6.0
No. of emergency room visits in past y
 • None5348.1–57.9
 • 12115.6–26.4
 • 2–52115.6–26.4
 • ≥ 550.0–10.0
No. of emergency room visits owing to diabetes in past y
 • None7672.5–79.5
 • 1126.3–17.8
 • 2–5104.2–15.8
 • ≥ 520.1–4.1
Last HbA1c blood test
 • Never2014.6–25.4
 • ≥ 1 y148.3–19.7
 • 6–12 mo2014.6–25.4
 • < 6 mo4640.7–51.3
Last cholesterol blood test
 • Never2115.6–26.4
 • ≥ 1 y50.0–10.0
 • 6–12 mo148.3–19.7
 • < 6 mo6055.5–65.6
Last urine protein test
 • Never126.3–17.8
 • > 2 y71.1–12.9
 • 1–2 y137.3–18.7
 • < 1 y6863.9–72.1
Last visit with a podiatrist
 • Never6661.8–70.2
 • > 2 y82.1–13.9
 • 1–2 y50.0–10.0
 • < 1 y2115.6–26.4
Last retinopathy eye test
 • Never2418.7–29.3
 • > 2 y159.4–20.6
 • 1–2 y2519.8–30.2
 • < 1 y3630.3–41.8
  • CI—confidence interval, HbA1c—glycated hemoglobin A1c.