Table 1

Components and activities of the interprofessional education program

Formal learning opportunities
 • Purposeful pairing of learners and teachers
  • Clinical clerks spending designated time with health professionals (eg, nurse practitioners, pharmacists, lactation consultants, dietitians) for patient education and preventive care

  • Scheduled case consultations between residents and allied health providers to review specific cases

  • Double-bookings of learners with other health professionals (eg, medical resident, dietitian)

  • Multiprofessional learners and supervisors facilitating patient groups (eg, diabetes education, anxiety)

  • Shadowing a profession for a day (eg, clinical clerks spending time with nurse practitioners in order to learn about their skill sets)

  • Direct observation of residents visiting patients, with evaluation and follow-up

 • Pairing of learners
  • Clinical clerks paired with medical residents for patient encounters

  • Pharmacy students paired with medical residents and clinical clerks for reviews of patient medication

 • Health professional–led group activities
  • Weekly rounds with contributions from all professionals

  • Problem-based small group learning sessions for residents led by several health professionals; also attended by learners present in the practices

  • Psychiatrist rounds once a month in each clinic

  • Pharmacist rounds once a month in each clinic

 • Interprofessional-led patient groups
  • Education groups for patients with diabetes led by nurses, pharmacists, social workers, and dietitians, including residents and other appropriate learners (eg, social work students)

  • Mental health patient groups led by social workers with pharmacists, including residents and other appropriate learners (eg, social work students)

  • Healthy-eating classes led by dietitians, including appropriate learners

Informal learning activities
 • Faculty supervisors providing examples of interprofessional care (ie, being role models)
  • Social worker and pharmacist jointly planning and conducting anxiety patient groups

  • Pharmacists interacting with physicians to assess medication-related knowledge needs

  • Social workers advising physicians and residents on management of mental health issues

Programmatic enablers
  • Common team room to facilitate interaction and communication

  • Information technology system to facilitate interaction and communication

  • Leadership support

  • Flexibility in office operations

  • Supportive culture