Table 3.

Patient characteristics

CHARACTERISTICSAPTCARE MEAN (N = 74)CONTROL MEAN (N =78)
Average duration in study, mo14.214.3
Demographic information
  • Age, y71.172.9
  • Male, %4942
  • First language is English, %9191
  • Live alone, %2430
  • Own house, %7480
  • Completed at least high school, %5559
  • Main activity is working for pay or profit, %1514
  • Household income ≥ $40000, %4037
  • CCAC client, %1011
Health status
  • Self-reported health is good or excellent, %6860
  • Diabetes, %5450
  • CAD, %4251
  • CHF, %1214
  • COPD, %3026
  • Total no. of chronic conditions1.41.4
Risk factors
  • Risk level is high, %3739
  • Polypharmacy,* %6262
  • Frequent visits, %5135
  • ED visits in previous year, %2223
  • CAD—coronary artery disease, CCAC—community care access centre, CHF—congestive heart failure, COPD—chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ED—emergency department.

  • * 4 or more active medications.

  • 5 or more visits in previous 6 mo or 10 or more visits in previous y (P < .05).