Table 1.

Characteristics of nurse and physician immunization providers in British Columbia

CHARACTERISTICNURSES* (N = 253)PHYSICIANS* (N = 244)P VALUE
Age, y, n (%)< .01
  • 21–3038 (15.0)5 (2.1)
  • 31–4054 (21.3)55 (22.6)
  • 41–5094 (37.2)91 (37.4)
  • 51–6060 (23.7)70 (28.8)
  • ≥ 617 (2.8)22 (9.1)
Sex, n (%)< .01
  • Male3 (1.2)121 (49.8)
  • Female250 (98.8)122 (50.2)
Ethnicity, n (%)< .01
  • White232 (92.1)183 (75.3)
  • Chinese4 (1.6)42 (17.3)
  • South Asian5 (2.0)11 (4.5)
  • Aboriginal3 (1.2)0 (0)
  • Mixed or other8 (3.2)7 (2.9)
Community size, n (%)< .01
  • > 500031 (12.7)16 (6.7)
  • 5001–10 00021 (8.6)6 (2.5)
  • 10 001–30 00035 (14.3)28 (11.7)
  • 30 001–50 00031 (12.7)10 (4.2)
  • 50 001–100 00047 (19.2)30 (12.5)
  • > 100 00080 (32.7)150 (62.5)
Proportion of patient population younger than 5 y, n (%)< .01
  • 0–1069 (32.1)146 (61.1)
  • 11–2563 (29.3)72 (30.1)
  • 26–5016 (7.4)10 (4.2)
  • 51–7538 (17.7)7 (2.9)
  • 76–10029 (13.5)4 (1.7)
Primary setting of immunization provision, n (%)NA
  • Hospital0 (0)11 (4.5)
  • Private practice0 (0)176 (72.4)
  • Public health unit222 (88.1)2 (0.8)
  • Walk-in clinic0 (0)17 (7.0)
  • Other or mixed30 (11.9)37 (15.2)
Years as health care provider, mean (SD)18.5 (10.8)19.8 (10.0).26
Years providing immunization, mean (SD)11.4 (8.9)17.9 (9.9)< .01
Received education on immunization provision during academic studies, n (%)< .01
  • Yes108 (43.7)124 (51.2)
  • No76 (30.8)32 (13.2)
  • Do not remember63 (25.5)86 (35.5)
Received training on immunization provision outside of academic studies (eg, conference workshops, in-servicing, orientation, etc), n (%)< .01
  • Yes247 (98.4)135 (55.6)
  • No4 (1.6)89 (36.6)
  • Do not remember0 (0)19 (7.8)
  • NA—not applicable.

  • * Numbers might not add to total because of missing data.

  • Categorical comparisons were made with χ2 tests; comparisons of continuous data were made with Mann-Whitney U tests.