Table 1.

Harmonized criteria for metabolic syndrome diagnosis: 3 of 5 positive measures are necessary for diagnosis.

Waist circumferenceWhite Canadians, Americans, or Europeans: 94 cm (men), 80 cm (women)
People from Asia, Africa, or the Middle East, or indigenous people from North and South America: 90 cm (men), 80 cm (women)
White patients (higher risk): 102 cm (men), 88 cm (women)
Health Canada guideline
Triglycerides≥ 1.7 mmol/L (150 mg/dL)Drug treatment of high triglyceride levels
HDL-cholesterolMen: <1.0 mmol/L (40 mg/dL)
Women: <1.3 mmol/L (50 mg/dL)
Drug treatment of low HDL levels
Blood pressureSystolic ≥ 130 mm Hg or diastolic ≥ 85 mm HgDrug treatment of hypertension
Elevated fasting glucose≥ 5.6 mmol/L (100 mg/dL)Drug treatment of elevated glucose
  • HDL—high-density lipoprotein.

  • Data from Alberti et al.17