Table 1.

Descriptions and examples of the types of learning used by residents

TYPE OF LEARNINGDESCRIPTIONFORMATEXAMPLES
Self-studySelf-directed learningIndependentOnline CME activities, CFPC Pearls exercise
Teaching sessions by staff physiciansTeaching sessions organized by staff physicians during family medicine block trainingUsually small groupEthics lecture, behavioural medicine lectures
Conferences, courses, or workshopsAny accredited or unaccredited conferences, courses, or workshopsLarge or small groupFamily Medicine Forum conference, Primary Care Today conference
PGME sessionsTeaching sessions as part of academic half-daysUsually large group, didactic sessionsAcademic half-days, summer series
Residents’ sessionsPeer teaching sessions organized by residents during family medicine block trainingUsually small groupCase presentation on migraines, journal club activities
Hospital roundsHospital-based departmental roundsUsually large group, didactic sessionsDepartmental rounds (eg, general surgery, endocrinology, family medicine)
Other
• Research or publicationsResearch not related to residency projectIndependentResearch study on antidepressants
• Life support programsAdvanced life support programsSmall groupACLS, ALSO, ATLS, NRP, PALS
• Practice audits or quality assuranceMandatory practice audit or quality assurance exerciseIndependentChart audits
  • ACLS—Advanced Cardiac Life Support, ALSO—Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics, ATLS—Advanced Trauma Life Support, CFPC—College of Family Physicians of Canada, CME—continuing medical education, NRP—Neonatal Resuscitation Program, PALS—Pediatric Advanced Life Support, PGME—postgraduate medical education.