Table 1.

Annual community-wide wellness measures 1 year before and 1 year after initiation of the program combining buprenorphine-naloxone substitution therapy and First Nations healing strategies

Total medical evacuations18321715.7%
Drug-related medical evacuations8666−30.0%
Child protection cases12050−58.3%
School attendance60 of 13090 of 13033.3%
School breakfast program attendees48 of 60Rare of 90>90% decrease
Police criminal charges226*88−61.1%
Prenatal program12 of 18 using illicit narcotics (66%)10 of 22 taking buprenorphine substitutionReduction of illicit narcotic use in pregnancy
Needle distribution, no. of needles10 0934830−52.2%
Seasonal flu immunizations200700350.0%
Local store purchasesNANA18%
  • NA—not available.

  • * Statistics for 2012 are presented, as 2011 statistics were not available.4

  • Sales increase given by store; sales figures were not released.