Table 1.

Criteria for diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder from the DSM-V

1Impairment in social interaction and communication
Subcriteria (impairment in all 3 required)
  • social and emotional reciprocity

  • nonverbal communication

  • creating and maintaining relationships

2Abnormal and repetitive behaviour, interests, and activities
Subcriteria (2 of 4 required)
  • stereotyped speech and behaviour

  • resistance to change

  • fixated interests

  • hypersensitivity or hyposensitivity to sensory input

3Presentation in early childhood development
4Limited and hindered everyday activities
  • DSM-V—Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed.

  • Data from the American Psychiatric Association.3