Table 1.

Patient characteristics and assessment of PA level and PAC provided by FPs, nurses, or dietitians during the past 18 mo: Variables in bold were included in the multivariate analysis as independent variables.

CHARACTERISTICNVALUEPA LEVEL ASSESSMENTPAC
OR (95% CI)P VALUEOR (95% CI)P VALUE
Sociodemographic data
  • Female sex, %43966.10.90 (0.61 to 1.34).601.08 (0.67 to 1.75).76
  • Median age (IQR), y43959.1 (49.3 to 67.2)1.00 (0.98 to 1.01).620.99 (0.98 to 1.01).38
  • Married or in a civil union, %43967.21.08 (0.72 to 1.60).720.90 (0.55 to 1.45).65
  • Postsecondary education, %43732.31.08 (0.72 to 1.60).720.74 (0.45 to 1.23).25
  • Family annual income ≥ $55 000, %42940.60.98 (0.67 to 1.45).930.57 (0.35 to 0.93).03
  • Smoker, %43914.41.10 (0.64 to 1.88).730.93 (0.48 to 1.80).83
  • Private health coverage, %43956.01.05 (0.72 to 1.53).810.84 (0.53 to 1.32).45
  • Employed, %43942.11.30 (0.89 to 1.90).181.39 (0.88 to 2.19).16
Anthropometric data
  • Median BMI (IQR), kg/m243928.7 (25.5 to 32.6)0.99 (0.96 to 1.02).401.08 (1.04 to 1.12)< .01
  • Median waist circumference (IQR), cm42496.4 (85.3 to 106.0)0.99 (0.98 to 1.01).221.03 (1.01 to 1.04)< .01
  • Overweight or obese (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2), %43978.80.73 (0.46 to 1.16).182.39 (1.22 to 4.70)*.01
Median no. of health provider encounters in past 18 mo (IQR)
  • Nurse4390 (0 to 2)1.17 (1.07 to 1.29)< .0011.26 (1.15 to 1.37)< .01
  • FP4394 (2 to 6)1.04 (0.97 to 1.11).311.07 (0.99 to 1.16).08
Comorbidities
  • Hypertension43935.51.27 (0.886 to 1.88).231.79 (1.13 to 2.84).01
  • Dyslipidemia43934.40.87 (0.59 to 1.30).491.53 (0.96 to 2.43).08
  • Hypothyroidism43916.40.75 (0.45 to 1.24).260.77 (0.40 to 1.47).42
  • Sleep apnea4393.40.80 (0.29 to 2.23).681.86 (0.62 to 5.57).27
  • Osteoporosis4396.61.34 (0.62 to 2.87).460.74 (0.28 to 2.00).55
  • Anxiety or depression43917.81.51 (0.92 to 2.48).111.43 (0.82 to 2.51).21
  • Asthma or COPD43911.81.00 (0.56 to 1.78).990.73 (0.34 to 1.56).42
  • Arthritis or arthrosis43925.31.18 (0.76 to 1.81).461.23 (0.74 to 2.05).43
  • Heart and vascular disease43915.91.28 (0.77 to 2.15).340.99 (0.53 to 1.48).96
  • Type 2 diabetes or prediabetes43920.51.51 (0.94 to 2.42).093.50 (2.11 to 5.81)<.01
  • Median no. of comorbidities (IQR)4392 (1 to 3)1.08 (0.95 to 1.21).241.23 (1.06 to 1.42)< .01
Median health-related quality of life scores (IQR)
  • Physical component summary43548.8 (41.7 to 55.9)1.01 (1.00 to 1.03).161.02 (1.00 to 1.04).12
  • Mental component summary43551.2 (42.3 to 56.6)1.02 (1.00 to 1.04).041.00 (0.97 to 1.02).77
Physical fitness and activity
  • Median recreational PA index score (IQR), kcal/kg/d4391.3 (0.5 to 2.5)1.13 (1.00 to 1.26).040.94 (0.82 to 1.08).38
  • Inactive, %43955.60.75 (0.52 to 1.10).141.26 (0.79 to 2.00).33
  • Television viewing > 20 h/wk, %43917.51.04 (0.94 to 1.12).441.04 (0.92 to 1.19).53
  • Median grip strength (IQR), kg43729.5 (22.5 to 39.0)1.00 (0.98 to 1.01).660.99 (0.97 to 1.01).31
  • Median isometric quadriceps strength (IQR), kg43623.5 (17.6 to 30.5)1.00 (0.98 to 1.02).791.02 (0.99 to 1.04).15
  • Median 6-min walk test distance (IQR), m351500.0 (428.5 to 560.0)1.00 (1.00 to 1.00).121.00 (1.00 to 1.00).43
  • BMI—body mass index, COPD—chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, IQR—interquartile range, OR—odds ratio, PA—physical activity, PAC—PA counseling.

  • * Significantly more overweight or obese patients received PAC compared with patients who were not overweight or obese (24.3% vs 11.8%, P = .01).

  • These variables were included in the second multivariate analysis model instead of no. of comorbidities.

  • Significantly more patients with diabetes received PAC compared with patients who did not have diabetes (41.0% v. 16.6%, P < .001).