Table 3.

Demographic and attitudinal associations with postgraduate career choice

VARIABLESPOSTRESIDENCY CAREERP VALUE
RURAL FM, N = 88NONRURAL MEDICINE, N = 1454
Demographic variables
  • Mean age, y26.123.9< .005
  • Female sex, %51.158.2.194
  • Single relationship status, %51.172.1< .005
  • Parents received postgraduate education, %33.045.3.024
  • Postgraduate education before medicine, %22.717.8.245
  • Premedical science background, %88.591.4.358
  • Premedical arts background, %17.29.4.018
  • Family or friends in FM, %20.520.6.968
  • Family or friends in any field of medicine, %35.239.2.458
  • Home town population < 50 000, %42.020.3< .005
  • Rural childhood (> 50% of childhood spent in rural setting), %39.820.7< .005
  • Rural family ties, %58.034.9< .005
Attitudinal factors, mean score*
  • Factor 1: medical lifestyle3.623.56.552
  • Factor 2: societal orientation3.723.37< .005
  • Factor 3: prestige1.822.01.044
  • Factor 4: hospital orientation2.722.99.012
  • Factor 5: varied scope of practice2.862.73.350
  • Factor 6: role model3.933.40< .005
Attitudinal items, mean score*
  • Good match to this career2.172.18.934
  • Interesting patient population4.424.26.088
  • Focus on nonurgent care2.782.66.330
  • Dislike for uncertainty1.902.16.006
  • Prefer medical to social problems2.202.56.016
  • Research interests2.032.40.006
  • Short postgraduate training2.241.88.005
  • FM—family medicine.

  • * Mean score on the 5-point Likert scale ranging from 1 (no influence) to 5 (important influence).