Table 1.

Description of HBPC survey questions

Demographic characteristics
  • Program location by region: Western Canada (west coast and the Prairies), Ontario, Quebec, Atlantic Canada

  • Total number of family medicine residents within program

  • Training setting distribution: Urban, suburban, rural, other*

HBPC training (multiple choice, free text)
  • Presence and type of HBPC training available

  • Barriers to HBPC training

  • HBPC lectures: Availability, whether mandated, number of hours, and rotation during which lectures occur

  • Home visit experiences: Availability, whether mandated, number of hours, home visit attendees, and availability and characteristics of a formal curriculum

Comments (free text)
  • Additional barriers

  • Other HBPC training methods

  • Enabling factors

HBPC attitudes (rated on a 5-point Likert scale)Level of agreement with the following statements:
  • “HBPC training is difficult to coordinate/implement. Its barriers outweigh its educational benefits”

  • “HBPC training is an essential part of family medicine training”

  • “Clinical HBPC experiences (home visits) are valuable learning experiences for family medicine residents”

  • “Clinical HBPC experiences (home visits) prepare residents in the core family medicine competencies”

  • HBPC—home-based primary care.

  • * The estimated percentage breakdown of family medicine residents’ primary training setting, across all streams of a program.

  • Includes various models of home-based physician services including ongoing comprehensive primary care in the home by a sole practitioner or an interprofessional team, and episodic housecalls by a primary care physician.

  • Formal curriculum was defined as a structured curriculum to facilitate home visits for resident trainees.