Table 2.

Logistic regression models for the outcome of the OARS score at time 1; the ORs and 95% CIs for the unadjusted and adjusted models are presented: With each additional chronic condition, the odds of disability at time 1 increased.

CHARACTERISTICSUNADJUSTED OR (95% CI)ADJUSTED OR (95% CI)ADJUSTED OR FROM FULL MODEL (95% CI)
Age (per y)1.11 (1.09 to 1.13)1.09 (1.07 to 1.11)
Sex (reference = men)1.97 (1.55 to 2.51)2.16 (1.68 to 2.78)
Education (per y)0.99 (0.95 to 1.02)1.04 (1.00 to 1.08)
MMSE score (per point)0.90 (0.85 to 0.94)
CES-D score (per point)1.05 (1.03 to 1.06)
Multimorbidity (per condition)1.45 (1.39 to 1.52)1.42 (1.35 to 1.48)1.35 (1.29 to 1.42)
  • CES-D—Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, MMSE—Mini-Mental State Examination, OARS—Older Americans Resources and Services, OR—odds ratio.