Table 4.

Results of multinomial logistic regression models: The effect of multimorbidity on multiple outcomes: Death, nursing home residence at time 2, and a functional decline of ≥ 3 points on the OARS scale, compared with a reference group of those who were alive in the community with a decline of < 3 points on the OARS scale.

LOGISTIC REGRESSION MODELEFFECT OF MULTIMORBIDITY ON ...
FUNCTIONAL DECLINE, OR (95% CI)NURSING HOME, OR (95% CI)DEATH, OR (95% CI)
Unadjusted1.16 (1.10 to 1.24)1.18 (1.11 to 1.27)1.18 (1.13 to 1.23)
Adjusted for age, sex, and education1.14 (1.08 to 1.22)1.10 (1.02 to 1.19)1.14 (1.09 to 1.20)
Plus MMSE and CES-D scores1.16 (1.09 to 1.24)1.06 (0.98 to 1.15)1.10 (1.05 to 1.16)
Plus baseline OARS points1.14 (1.07 to 1.22)1.01 (0.93 to 1.11)1.06 (1.00 to 1.11)
  • CES-D—Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, MMSE—Mini-Mental State Examination, OARS—Older Americans Resources and Services, OR—odds ratio.