Table 3.

Logistic regression models for the outcome of the OARS score at time 2; the ORs and 95% CIs are presented for the unadjusted and adjusted models: With each additional chronic condition, the odds of disability at time 2 increased.

CHARACTERISTICSUNADJUSTED OR
(95% CI)
ADJUSTED OR
(95% CI)
ADJUSTED OR
(95% CI)
ADJUSTED OR FROM FULL MODEL
(95% CI)
Age (per y)1.13 (1.10 to 1.16)1.12 (1.09 to 1.15)1.12 (1.09 to 1.15)
Sex (reference = men)1.43 (1.07 to 1.91)1.53 (1.14 to 2.06)1.13 (0.82 to 1.54)
Education (per y)0.99 (0.95 to 1.03)1.02 (0.98 to 1.07)1.02 (0.97 to 1.07)
MMSE (per point)0.90 (0.84 to 0.96)0.91 (0.85 to 0.98)
CES-D (per point)1.02 (1.00 to 1.05)1.01 (0.99 to 1.04)
OARS score at time 1 (reference = no disability)7.04 (4.64 to 10.71)
Multimorbidity (per condition)1.31 (1.24 to 1.38)1.28 (1.21 to 1.35)1.25 (1.17 to 1.32)1.15 (1.09 to 1.24)
  • CES-D—Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, MMSE—Mini-Mental State Examination, OARS—Older Americans Resources and Services, OR—odds ratio.