Table 3.

Outcomes of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes in 5 intermittent fasting studies enrolling obese adults with type 2 diabetes

Blood pressureNANANot studied in obese patients with type 2 diabetes
Body weight174Decrease seen in all 5 studies12,16,17,21,34
BMI174Decrease seen in all 5 studies12,16,17,21,34
  • Glucose level78Decrease seen in the 3 studies measuring glucose level12,21,34
  • HbA1c level164Decrease seen in the 4 studies measuring HbA1c level16,17,21,34
  • Insulin level27Decrease seen in the 1 study measuring insulin level34
  • BMI—body mass index, HbA1c—hemoglobin A1c, NA—not available.